Agriculture is one of the most important sectors in India. As per 2018 survey, agriculture employed more than 50% of Indian work force and contributes 18-20% to the country’s GDP. India ranks first in the world with highest net cropped area followed by USA and China. India is not only one of the largest producers but it is also one of the largest exporters.
Indian farmer’s follow two major systems of Farming-
Let us look into both the systems and have a better understanding about them-
1. Conventional System-
Also known as Industrial Agriculture refers to arming which includes the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, heavy irrigation, intensive tiliage and use of GMOs.
Conventional farming is considered as high-resource demanding and energy intensive but its high productivity balances it really well.
Pros of Conventional System-
Produce large quantity of food on small piece of land with less manual labor.
Cons of Conventional System-
As we use synthetic pesticides, herbicide and fertilizers which result in Soil and Water pollution, Chemical Leaching, Erosion while intensive tiliage affects texture and health of soil. This method of farming converts highly fertile land to barren land within interval of 6-7 years as excess use of chemicals increase pH of soil.